Anaerobic Bacterial Infections Of The Female Genital Tract
How Does Circumcision Affect Your Penis
We ALL know the penis is a sensitive organ,and yet there are many who choose cut off a chunk of their kids' manhood but whatdoes this DO to the penisé The practice of circumcision dates back thousandsof years, popping up in ancient cultures in Asia, Africa, Australia and the Americas independently,before any knew the other existed. It's practiced in Muslim, Christian and Jewish populations.Worldwide rates vary, but in the U.S. from 1980 to 1999, 65 percent of babies were cut,and today, it's closer to 56 percent; rates have been falling since 1960. Nationally,three out of four babies getting the procedure in the Midwest, two thirds in the Northeast,a little over half in the south, and only
a fifth in the West! Circumcision is the act of slicing the foreskinoff the penis. A natural penis has skin covering its head, but a circumcised one does not.A DiscoveryNews article describes the foreskin as an quot;eyelid for the penis,quot; whichis a weird analogy but they are similar in that there's a mucous membrane on the inside. The adult foreskin is about 12 square inches,of skin containing specialized nerve endings. From a sexual standpoint, circumcision removesone third of the erogenous tissue of the male genetalia as the penis and clitoris comefrom the same fetal tissue, the analogous
organ to the foreskin is the clitoral hood! Obviously, there is a TON of debate as tothe real benefit of circumcision; and it doesn't help that the policies keep shifting. In 1999,the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a statement calling the practice into question,saying the risks didn't outweigh the benefits, but now a new compilation study done by theMayo claims the benefits outweigh the risks 100 to 1! According to their findings,over their lifetime half of all men will require some kind of foreskinrelated medical attention;circumcision reduces risks of quot;urinary tract infection, prostate cancer, sexually transmitteddiseasesquot; and the risk of cervical cancer
is reduced for the female partners of cutmen. In fact, the World Health Organization recommend the procedure for any country attemptingto battle HIV infection. Now you might be thinking, wait, the UnitedNation's World Health Organization has a pruned penis policyé Yeah, it does. And a 2010 studyfrom Plos ONE explains whyâ€¦ See, the foreskin isn't just an extra bit on the bits. Becausethe foreskin is a protective, mucousmembrane layer, it also attracts bacteria actually,according to the study, the foreskin has it's own microbiome! For the study, researchersfrom Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health looked under the hood of uncircumcisedpenises, and found anaerobic bacteria, those
are bacteria which live without oxygen. Studying Ugandan men before and after circumcision,they discovered, that this previously unknown anaerobic bacteria disappeared in the yearthey were cut; forever altering the individual microbiome of the male penis. It is knownfrom other studies that Langerhans cells normally live under the foreskin as well, and are commonlyattacked by HIV, so perhaps that's why HIV transmission is so much lower with circumcisedmené They're still figuring this out. In the end, the practice is ancient and fascinating,but is it necessaryé Not at all, and there's still a roaring debate about removing a thirdof the penile erogenous tissue, issues of
cleanliness, not to mention possible sideeffectsthe major trauma!.