Sinusitis, also known as sinus infection orrhinosinusitis, is a very common condition where the paranasal sinuses are inflamed,causing congested nose, headache and facial pain.Paranasal sinuses are air cavities in the bones of the skull. There are four pairs ofsinuses located on either side of the head. They are the maxillary, frontal, ethmoid,and sphenoid sinuses. The sinuses are lined with respiratory epitheliumproducing mucus. The mucus drains into the nasal cavity through small openings. Impairedsinus drainage has been associated with inflammation of sinuses. When a sinus is blocked, fluidbuilds up, making it a favorable environment
for bacteria or viruses grow and cause infection.A typical sinusitis symptom is described as a dull pain or constant pressure commonlylocalized to the affected sinus. The pain may worsen when the person bends over or whilelying down. Symptoms often start on one side of the head and spread to the other side.Acute sinusitis may be also be accompanied by thick nasal discharge of yellow greenishcolor. Sinusitis may have different causes. Theseinclude: Allergy: allergens such as pollen, pet danderâ€¦may trigger inflammatory response of the mucosa of the nose and sinuses, resulting in excessmucus production, nasal congestion, sneezing
and itching. Infection: infection usually occurs as a complication of a common cold. Impaired sinusdrainage due to inflammation of nasal mucosa during a cold often leads to infection ofthe sinus itself. Coldlike symptoms plus headache, facial pain or pressure are commoncomplaints. Other conditions that cause blockage ofsinus drainage. These include: structural abnormalities such as deviated nasal septum;formation of nasal polyps. Treatments vary depending on the cause ofsinusitis: For allergy: intranasal corticosteroidsare commonly used.
For viral infection: symptom relief medicationssuch as nasal spray for irrigation and decongestion; other conservative treatment for common coldsuch as rest and drinking plenty of fluid. For bacterial infection: antibiotics maybe prescribed. For recurrent or chronic sinusitis due tostructural abnormalities or nasal polyps, nasal surgery may be recommended to clearup the drainage canal.
Amoxicillin To Treat Bacterial Infections like Pneumonia and Ulcers Overview
Amoxicillin is a prescription medication usedto treat certain bacterial infections such as pneumonia, bronchitis, gonorrhea, and certaintypes of ulcers. It can also treat bacterial infections of the ears, nose, throat, urinarytract, and skin. This medication belongs to a group of drugs called penicillin antibiotics,which work by blocking the growth of bacteria. Amoxicillin comes as a capsule, tablet, andoral suspension forms. This medication is taken up to 3 times daily, with or withoutfood. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. This medicationis only to be used if prescribed by your healthcare provider. For RxWiki, I'm Lindsay Morrison.