Critical Care Paramedic 4 Interpretation of Lab and Basic Diagnostic Tests
I'm just going to try toget into the world of labs. You're going to belooking at these hopefully after this class with a littlebit of a different perspective. I'm going to try to keep itto things that you really need to be worried about. If you're going to betransporting somebody, always patients are goingto have some tests done
before they're transportedsomewhere else. Many of those you'renot going to care about. There's going tobe some that you're going to want to know about,because they're going to affect what's going to happen,potentially going to happen, while you're transportingthat patient. So just to start off,you've got the lab tests, the blood work, serology,we'll talk about some
of those things indetail, imaging studies, things like chest xrays,films of lower extremities, CAT scans, MRI, those areall the imaging techniques that are dealt with. Physiologic tests deals withthings like 12 lead EKG, is an example of aphysiologic test. Or a stress test. Something that looks athow the body responds.
Some of these results areimmediately available for you. CAT scan, now youcan pretty much do that head CT in under 10minutes and put it on a CD or even now send itthrough é EPIC é to get it to the other facility. So that stuff is availablefor you to take often times. Body fluids that we lookat pick a body fluid. It can be looked at.
Tests can be run on it. Some of it's importantfor you, some of it's not. Somebody has c diffin their stool, you want to know about that. Because that's something thatis not so likely to affect you, but more likely toaffect another patient that is being transported in theambulance after that patient, if you don't go throughproper decontamination
of your equipment. So that sort of stuffis important to look at. All lab values, all labtests, have an abnormal value. Alright. Something that'soutside of the range. More importantly, also ins in particular, there are critical valuesassigned to these tests that we're talking about.
Best 15 Amazing Benefits of Garlic
hi there today I'm going to show you Best 15 Amazing Benefits of Garlic In the wellknown natural remedy, garlic hasseveral health benefits and has been used to treat many health problems. Here you willfind some of the best 15 amazing benefits of garlic. So lets begin! Benefit no. 1: Fight bacteria and viruses Antibacterial and antiviral properties ofgarlic are well known. They can help prevent food poisoning when they kill bacteria, likeE. coli and salmonella. Garlic also helps
with bacterial, fungal, worm, yeast and viralinfections. Benefit no. 2: Improve metabolism Diallyl sulfides in garlic increase Ferroportinin the body, and it helps to improve the metabolism of iron. Benefit no. 3: Relieve toothache Antibacterial and analgesic powers in garliccan help reduce the pain of toothache. Benefit no. 4: Reduce weight Garlic helps to slow down the formation offat cells in the body. Antiinflammatory factor
of garlic, which slows down the formationof fat. Benefit no. 5: Treat skin infections Chemical called ajoene helps treat skin infectionscaused by fungus, such as ringworm and athlete's foot. Benefit no. 6: Thin blood The same chemical works in the preventionof blood clots. This can be dangerous if you are having surgery. Benefit no. 7: Regulate blood sugar
Another property of garlic is to increasethe release of insulin and help regulate blood sugar levels in diabetics. Benefit no. 8: Low blood pressure Allicin in garlic helps to lower the bloodpressure and polysulfides are converted to hydrogen sulfide. This sulfide also helpsto control the blood pressure. Benefit no. 9: Lower cholesterol Able to reduce the level of cholesterol isanother feature of garlic. It also helps to reduce the formation of plaque.
Benefit no. 10: Improving allergy symptoms Juice of raw garlic can be used to stop theitching from rashes and bug bites. Garlic can also improve airway issues due to allergicreactions. Benefit no. 11: Protect the Heart Its sulfides protect heart health. Garlichelps prevent artery hardening. Blood thinning properties of garlic also helps to preventclots in blood vessels. Benefit no. 12: Prevent cancer The use of garlic every day is the way toreduce the risk of some cancers. Allyl sulfides
in garlic prevents forming of cancer cells. Benefit no. 13: To treat respiratory conditions The antibacterial properties of garlic canreduce the number of colds you get. It can also help in the treatment of upper respiratorytract infections, asthma and shortness of breath. Garlic may also be used as an expectorant,to help in loosening phlegm body. Benefit no. 14: Martial warts and calluses When the garlic is put on the warts and calluses,it is believed to help with these conditions. Benefit no. 15: Fan the flame
Complete Blood Count pt1
Heyyy guys! This is Joel. In thisTutorial I'm gonna be talking about the complete blood count or thequot;CBC, which isquot; extremely common in your alrotations. You're gonna see this over and over again.So I would have to give it a 55 on its importance or its yield. Idon't really have enough space in one short tutorial to talk about the entire CBCso I have broken this topic up into smaller more manageable bite size pieces.In this first tutorial I'm going to be quot;talking about the white blood cells,quot;and in the second tutorial I'll be talking
quot;about red blood cells,quot;and in the last tutorial or the third tutorial I'll be talking about the platelets.And then I'll ask some questions based on what we've learnedto see how well you can interpret a CBC. Okayé!Let's get started! So of what is a CBC or a complete blood countéquot;Well, its a very commonly orderedquot; lab or blood panel that gives ussome good information about the cell types in a patient's blood. And those celltypes are divided into 3 quot;main types. White blood cells,quot;quot;red blood cells, and platelets.quot;
First up in our discussion is going tobe the white blood cells. And just in case you're brandnew toquot;labs, let me real quick read these columnsquot; so it makes a little more sense.In the first column is the cell type. The second column is saying that we'relooking at the blood of the patient verses likequot;serum, or urine, or tissue, or something likequot;that. That's the least how my lab reports it. The third column is the valuefor that cell type. The fourth column is giving me units. And the last columnis my reference range or my normal range.
quot;So, that means that this first rowquot;represents the total white blood cells taken fromthe patient's blood. There was 4.6 times ten to the thirdor in other words 4600 white blood cells per microliter and thenormal range for total white blood cells in the blood isbetween 4.6 thousand up to 11.03 thousand cellsper microliter. quot;So that was the first row, what about thequot;next five rowsé quot;Well, these next five rows are individualquot;cell types or cell lines
and they are all white blood cells.You'll notice also that the units are given as a percentage.quot;So, of the 4600 white blood cells,quot; per microliter of blood there was52.1 percent of those 4600 were neutrophils and 31.8percent of those were lymphocytes and so on and so on.And if you at all those percentages up they should equal 100 percent orthe total of 4600 white blood cells. Does that make senseé Thefirst group of white blood cells that we'll talkabout are the neutrophils.
And the neutrophils along with he eosinophilsand basophils together makeup the polymorphonuclear cells.They have this name because if you look at the nucleusin these cells. The nuclei are multilobulated and what that meansis that instead of having quot;a consolidated circular nucleus the,quot;at nuclei make little lobules or kind of like globs connected together by whatlooks like string but is actually just thin strands ofnucleus. The nucleus of a neutrophil has about2 to 5