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Bacterial Infection Under Skin

5 Most Painful Skin Diseases Ever

From gangrenous infections to lepers losinglimbs, here are the 5 most painful skin diseases ever. Today's topic was requested by Pablito's Way. If you have any other topics you'd like tolearn about, subscribe and let us know in the comments section below. Number 5: GangreneGangrene is a life threatening condition caused by either insufficient blood supply or byan infection of the skin. This lack of blood supply results in the debtof tissue cells and causes the skin to dry

up, become discolored, and eventually falloff. There are multiple types of gangrene and ifnot treated properly, are very deadly as each type is capable of damaging vital organs. The first type of gangrene is dry gangrene. This is often caused by a lack of blood supplyto a particular area of the body. Typically, it affects the hands and feet asa result of poor blood circulation. The tissue will often dry up, become discolored,then fall off! The next type is wet gangrene, which is theresult of an infected area.

Wet gangrene is usually associated with aninjury such as a burn or gunshot wound. It is generally more dangerous of the twobecause it can spread very quickly throughout the body. Symptoms include blisters with foul smellingdischarge, swelling, intense pain, dry skin, fevers, and if untreated, debt. There is also gas gangrene, which is far lesscommon than the other two and is often caused by the clostridium bacteria that affects themuscles. It can additionally cause a person to experienceseptic shock and lowered blood pressure.

Confusion, body rashes, pain, rapid heartbeat,and light headedness are all common symptoms of this type. Gangrene has been documented as far back as1194 AD, when Duke Leopold of Austria had his foot crushed by his horse. Once the foot was infected, his surgeons advisedhim to have it amputated. It took them three tries to do so successfully,however, and after he likely suffered more injuries, he contracted wet gangrene and eventuallydyed. The disease was not widespread until the 19thcentury during the American Civil War.

Fought between 1861 and 1865, the war wasa bloody affair, claiming the lives of 750,000 soldiers. By some estimates, gangrene was responsiblefor nearly 400,000 of those debts. Soldiers on both sides were subjected to poormedical facilities and practices. s mistakenly would use dirty hands andinstruments to operate on patients, which resulted in the fast spread of gangrene. During this time, it became known as “gangrene.� In most cases, soldiers dyed after contractingthe wet gangrene type.

A similar problem was presented in World WarI when soldiers began contracting “trench foot.� World War I was known for its use of trenches,and where soldiers often spent long hours inside these trenches during battle. The long hours and even days spent in thetrenches' unsanitary conditions often resulted in the development of gangrene, which alsocaused sensory nerve damage, inflammation, and frostbite. Number 4: LeprosyLeprosy is a chronic infection caused by two

4 Nastiest Parasites in the World

These are the four nastiest parasites in theworld. Warning: this content may be disturbing to most people. Number 4: The Guinea WormThe guinea worm is a nematode that causes disease most commonly referred to as “guineaworm disease.� This disease is caused by people drinking water that has been contaminatedby guinea worms and water fleas. When one is infected with a guinea worm, they willfirst not feel any symptoms. Then after a year or so, they'll begin feeling a burningsensation on their skin. This is the worm developing blisters underneath its host'sskin. They will also experience nausea, vomiting,

fevers, rashes, and dizziness. If the wormis not removed, it will likely die inside of the human, causing paralysis of the spinalcord or arthritis in the joints. Guinea worms often grow longer than 2 feetlong. Although the worm can be removed, they do form ulcers in the process that can becomeinfected. The resulting pain has the potential of lasting up to a few months. There are novaccines for guinea worms, but steps to prevent the disease from getting worse can and shouldbe taken. Submerging the infected area into water forcesthe worm to discharge its larva, thus lowering the risk of infection. The worm is then removedby wrapping it around a stick and slowly pulling

it out, a process that is said to feel likethe infected area is literally on fire. In the most extreme of cases, this removal processcan take up to several weeks. Number 3: Filarial WormsFilarial worms are parasites that are passed on to humans through mosquitoes. Similar toguinea worms, filarial worms reside in the body for roughly a year after infecting someone.They then move into the lymphatic system and clog up excess fluids in the region wherethe worms have settled. This causes the fluid to accumulate and therefore enlarge the areahosting the worms. This disease is known as Elephantiasis Tropica.

In addition to the lymphatic build up, filarialworms cause skin rashes and arthritis. They even have the capacity to cause river blindness,which is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. Different types of medicine and surgery havebeen used to treat those infected with filarial worms. The World Health Organization claimsthey are on track towards eliminating the disease through a process known as geotargeting. Number 2: PinwormsPinworms are nematodes responsible for one of the most common parasitic infections inthe world. This infection is known as enterobiasis.

The pinworms themselves are very small, reachingup to only 13 mm in length. However, once they infect a host they cause intense itchingand sometimes pain near the anus. As a result, bacterial infections are often associatedwith pinworms. Other possible symptoms include irritability, insomnia, appetite and weightloss, urinary tract infections, and uncontrolled urination. Those who have ingested pinworm eggs oftendo so from contaminated food, water, or from other people. But medicine for these infectionsis considered to be very effective. Additionally for those infected, there still remains ahigh possibility of reinfection even after

they've already been treated. This is dueto the fact that drugs kill the pinworms but not the eggs themselves. Therefore, it isoften recommended that patients seek continued treatment for two to three weeks after theirinitial treatment. Number 1: New World ScrewwormThe new world screwworm is a parasite that is known for feeding on live tissue. They'reindigenous to Central and South America. The new world screwworm is known to infect thewounds of large animals such as cattle, horses, and sheep. There have been, however, manyinstances where they've affected humans as well.

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