Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally found in the vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could be in the case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna draw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. So in order to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that exists in the vagina. So I'll draw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this up in our key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll draw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat exist in this sample. So if you really look at it here,
5 Most Painful Skin Diseases Ever
From gangrenous infections to lepers losinglimbs, here are the 5 most painful skin diseases ever. Today's topic was requested by Pablito's Way. If you have any other topics you'd like tolearn about, subscribe and let us know in the comments section below. Number 5: GangreneGangrene is a life threatening condition caused by either insufficient blood supply or byan infection of the skin. This lack of blood supply results in the debtof tissue cells and causes the skin to dry
up, become discolored, and eventually falloff. There are multiple types of gangrene and ifnot treated properly, are very deadly as each type is capable of damaging vital organs. The first type of gangrene is dry gangrene. This is often caused by a lack of blood supplyto a particular area of the body. Typically, it affects the hands and feet asa result of poor blood circulation. The tissue will often dry up, become discolored,then fall off! The next type is wet gangrene, which is theresult of an infected area.
Wet gangrene is usually associated with aninjury such as a burn or gunshot wound. It is generally more dangerous of the twobecause it can spread very quickly throughout the body. Symptoms include blisters with foul smellingdischarge, swelling, intense pain, dry skin, fevers, and if untreated, debt. There is also gas gangrene, which is far lesscommon than the other two and is often caused by the clostridium bacteria that affects themuscles. It can additionally cause a person to experienceseptic shock and lowered blood pressure.
Confusion, body rashes, pain, rapid heartbeat,and light headedness are all common symptoms of this type. Gangrene has been documented as far back as1194 AD, when Duke Leopold of Austria had his foot crushed by his horse. Once the foot was infected, his surgeons advisedhim to have it amputated. It took them three tries to do so successfully,however, and after he likely suffered more injuries, he contracted wet gangrene and eventuallydyed. The disease was not widespread until the 19thcentury during the American Civil War.
Fought between 1861 and 1865, the war wasa bloody affair, claiming the lives of 750,000 soldiers. By some estimates, gangrene was responsiblefor nearly 400,000 of those debts. Soldiers on both sides were subjected to poormedical facilities and practices. s mistakenly would use dirty hands andinstruments to operate on patients, which resulted in the fast spread of gangrene. During this time, it became known as â€œgangrene.â€� In most cases, soldiers dyed after contractingthe wet gangrene type.
A similar problem was presented in World WarI when soldiers began contracting â€œtrench foot.â€� World War I was known for its use of trenches,and where soldiers often spent long hours inside these trenches during battle. The long hours and even days spent in thetrenches' unsanitary conditions often resulted in the development of gangrene, which alsocaused sensory nerve damage, inflammation, and frostbite. Number 4: LeprosyLeprosy is a chronic infection caused by two
7 Most Painful Dental Conditions Ever How They Will Kill You
These are the seven most painful dental conditions ever. After watching this, you'll be scared shitless about your next trip to the dentist. Number 7: Dental AbscessA dental abscess is an infection inside the tooth or the gums that's filled with pus.If not treated properly, it has the potential to turn deadly. While there are a few differenttypes of abscesses, they generally all have similar symptoms. The pain involved with an abscess usuallystarts off mild, but can quickly become extremely painful. The pain has been described as athrobbing or shooting sensation. The area in question will also swell up turn red.In more extreme cases, the abscess may spread
to the bones tissue near the teeth, whichcould cause swelling in the face or lymph glands on the neck. The pain will then spreadto the side of the face near the toothache. If a severe abscess were to go untreated,it could eventually spread internally to tissues muscles near the infected area. This spreadcan lead to a dangerous condition known as Ludwig's angina, or an infection occuringon the floor of the mouth. This disease can be deadly as it often restricts necessaryairways. In fact, the name â€œanginaâ€� is derived from the Greek word â€œankhon,â€�meaning â€œstrangling.â€� In addition to feelings of being strangled, the face, neck, headwill also become infected.
It is even possible for people to die froman abscess. Famous fashion designer notorious Nazi supporter Hugo Boss died from a toothabcess in 1948. A 12yearold boy named Deamonte Driver died from a tooth abscess as well whenit spread to his brain. Despite two operations six weeks in the , his life couldnot be saved. The same thing happened in 2011 to 24yearold Kyle Willis when the infectionspread to his brain caused it to swell. In the cases of both Driver Willis, a delayin treatment was due to the fact that neither of them had health insurance. Number 6: Periodontal Gum DiseasePeriodontal gum disease is the result when
gingivitis goes untreated. It appears as inflammation infection around the tooth when severe enough, can cause tooth loss damage to yourbone structure. Once your gums are infected, they begin pulling away from the tooth. Thisspace allows bacteria to form underneath the gums. It'll then progress by badly damagingthe bone structure under the gums usually results in teeth falling out or being removedif not treated properly. Symptoms of periodontal gum disease includesensitive teeth, bleeding gums, swollen gums, loose teeth, painful chewing. It is oftenthe result of smoking, hormonal changes, or a byproduct of other diseases such as diabetesor even AIDS.
Number 5: EdentulismEdentulism is a condition in which one is either completelyâ€”or at least partiallyâ€”toothless.It affects an estimated 158 million people worldwide. As we all can suspect, losing one's teethcan be very problematic. Teeth serve many basic yet important functions such as chewingfood, maintaining speech, supporting your facial structure. Teeth also allow humansto break their food down in a manner that is more digestible through a process knownas mastication. As a result, malnutrition is a very possible side effect, which mayadditionally have a domino effect. Weight
loss, constipation, arthritis have beenknown to occur as well. In the most extreme cases of edentulism, the condition has evenbeen connected to more serious sometimes lifethreatening diseases such as Parkinson'sdisease, heart problems, even cancer. Number 4: TMJ ConditionsTemporomandibular joint dysfunction, or TMJ, describes a condition in which three importantparts of the mouth experience pain: the muscles that move the jaw, the muscles of mastication, the temporomandibular joints (which connect the mandible to the skull). If left untreated,TMJ conditions can become chronic quite painful.