Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally found in the vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could be in the case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna draw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. So in order to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that exists in the vagina. So I'll draw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this up in our key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll draw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat exist in this sample. So if you really look at it here,
(gentle music) Laci Oh hi, everyone! Throughout the last ten years I've had so many vaginal issues that I'm basically a certified hacker now. (ding) Before I get started sharingsome ancient remedies and twenty first century lifesavers
just a little reminder. I'm gonna be talking aboutvaginal infections and stuff and sometimes the symptoms ofthose are actually symptoms of things that are much more serious. So, yay, love your vagina and go to the when you need to. First step, when yeast getsa little outta control. Why yes, I am about to suggest
that you put garlic in your vagina. I know it sounds weird butit seriously works so well. Just push in a whole clove. Don't puncture it or will burn and change that baby every twelve hours. Usually within three to five days my yeast infections are gone. Yeah, it can leave a little bit of a smell
but who doesn't like garlic breadé The vagina's a pocket so it's not gonna get lost but if you're worried, you can tie some floss to it so that you can easily pull it out. For pain relief, I put plain yogurt twith live active cultures into the fingers of a latexglove and then freeze it.
Look for yogurt with theleast amount of sugar that you can find 'cause yeast loves sugar and when you pull it outof the freezer you'll have these delightful,(mumbling) yogurt tampons. Pop one in overnight witha pad to catch the leakage. Next up, UTIs. I know, I know you've heardit before but seriously, hydration is so freaking important.
Try to be drinking alittle water all day long. Second, secret weapon is DMannose. You can get this at a supplement store and I take two capsules three times a day for five days whiledrinking lots of water. Continue taking it a few days even after the symptoms have gone. I've also had good results withprobiotics for bladder pain
Pipeline Safety Hydrostatic Pressure Testing Short Version
Southern California Gas Company is the nation'slargest distributor of natural gas providing safe, reliable service to nearly 21 millioncustomers through more than 4,000 miles of transmission pipeline. Safety is our highestpriority, so we routinely conduct tests designed to measure that pipeline segments are sound,oftenreferred to as quot;pipeline integrity.quot; One of the common methods for assessing pipelineintegrity is the Hydrostatic Pressure Test. Hydrostatic Pressure Testing is a processthat uses water to exert pressure on a pipeline at levels greater than its usual operatingpressure. The segment of pipeline that is being testedis temporarily removed from service by closing
the nearest valves on both ends to stop theflow of natural gas. Then the natural gas left inside the pipeline is safely vented. Excavations are dug at both ends of the segmentto expose the pipeline. Short sections of pipeline are removed from both ends of thesegment to be tested, and the ends are sealed with test head caps and end caps. Next, waterfrom nearby water tanks is pumped into the test head cap which also contains a foamplug. The pumped water propels the plug through the test segment, pushing the air out andfilling it fully with water. The water pressure is then increased to a point higher than thepipeline will normally operate to see if it
has any leaks. After holding the increasedpressure for eight hours or more, the test is complete. If the hydrostatic pressure testresults in a leak or a rupture, the segment will be repaired or replaced. After a successful test, compressed air isused to push the foam plug through the pipeline test segment and drain the water back intothe water tanks. The water is then disposed of in accordance with applicable regulationsand local requirements. The test head caps are removed, and multiplefoam plugs are pushed through the pipeline segment until it is thoroughly dried. Oncethe pipeline segment is completely dry, the
remaining end caps are removed and new pretestedreplacement pipe is installed at both ends of the segment to reconnect it into thesystem. Nitrogen gas is then injected into the restored pipeline segment and naturalgas from a partially opened valve pushes it to the other side to vent the remaining air.Natural gas is safely reintroduced into the pipeline and it is brought back into serviceby fully opening the valves. Finally, the excavated areas are graded and restoredas closely as possible to their preconstruction condition. Hydrostatic Pressure Testing is one of themany tools Southern California Gas Company
uses to help maintain the safety and integrityof our natural gas pipeline system.