Highlights of the NAM Hightech Innovation Event 2014
The event has improvedmy understanding of NAM. I have a better picture of NAM now. It is bigger thanI originally thought. They work on many different things. I didn't realise that before today. This was an opportunityto show my enthusiasm for my job. The job gives you somethingto shape your life around. It gives you a purpose in life,to do something fun with your people.
With that in mind, I really enjoy encouragingyoung people to be enthusiastic, to choose a similar path in life.
Janet OSullivan on West v Ian Finlay Associates and Talal El Makdessi v Cavendish Square Holdings
Hi, I'm Janet O'Sullivan and I'm going to talk about two fascinating recent cases from the Law of Contract,both of them from the Court of Appeal, that have come out since the 6th editionof the Law of Contract book went to press. Although they're notimmediately connected to each other, or on similar topics, you'll notice that they both deal withthe same theme, which is the tension between freedom ofcontract and the various protective regimes thatallow the courts to
interfere in people's freely made contracts.A link to both cases is here on the website. So, the first case I want to talk about is West and Ian Finlay Associates, whichfits into the discussion of the UnfairTerms in Consumer Contracts legislation in Chapter 9 of the book. So Mr West was asuccessful banker, and his wife was an academic neuroscientist, and theybought a large house in London for 1.7 millionpounds. They wanted to renovate parts of the houseso they entered into a contract with the
defendant, who was an architect for architect services. Once that contract wasmade, the building job went out to tender, andthe main contract to do the work was awarded to a building contractor called Armour. But, when the work was completed, it transpired that the work was prettyseriously defective. The lower ground floor of the house was badlyaffected by damp and required extensive remedial work.
Both the defendant, the architect, and thebuilding contractor Armour were in breach of contract andresponsible legally for these problems. So far, that's prettybogstandard in building contract cases, but there were two further important factsthat I haven't mentioned yet. The first is that the builder, the buildingcontractor Armour, had gone bust before the Wests commencedproceedings, so they just sued the defendantarchitect on his own. Now, normally, this would be absolutely no problem at all because, asyou know, when
two defendants are responsible for thesame damage, then the law says that they are jointly and severally liable, and theclaimant can choose which one to sue; just sue one of them and let that onedefendant recover a contribution from the otherone, if the other one is worth suing. So, in other words, the common lawrules of joint and several liability placethe risk of insolvency of one defendant squarely on to theother defendant
and not onto the claimant. But the problem wasthat, in this case, that was an unusual clause in thecontract between the Wests and the defendant architect thatpurported to alter the common law default rule about jointand several liability. It was called a net contribution clause, which the courts abbreviated throughoutthe case to an NCC. So here's the crucial wording of the NCC; it says that the architect's liabilityfor loss or damage
The global market for natural andorganic cosmetics has never been more promising than today. Europe, being themain cosmetic market worldwide, is a prime target market for companieswishing to explore organic beauty. Our sector is demanding products with low quantities of additives. One of the more usual additives and the preservatives, so we think that to minimize the addition of these ingredients could be a good aim for the product. The need for a complete product differentiation for organic cosmeticlines requires a bio package that offers the same environmental credentials as aproduct that it contains.
It will contribute very positively because it lets us use the best natural organic packaging that comes along with ourphilosophy of not using mineral oils, no parabens, no petrolatum, no chemicals,but we use healthy natural organic ingredients that are good for theperson, for his health and for the planet too. But biodegradable commercialsolutions available based on materials such as PLA have some limitations interms of barrier properties. Biobeauty supposes a commercial solution thatmeets both biodegradable and antioxidant cosmetic product requirements.In order to avoid the oxidation of the cosmetic
product, we have used two technologies itfor this new packaging. By one hand, we have used the active packaging, so wehave used natural antioxidants and by other hand, we have developed ananocomposite in order to improve the barrier properties of ourfinal product. I think the importance is enormous. Inthe long term, of course, we have to make the transition from oilbased plasticsto biobased plastics. The bio material used in this new packaging is based inPLA reinforced with nanoclays. The incorporation of a natural activeagent with antioxidant properties
completes a biopackaging solution fororganic cosmetics with the same properties than traditionalnonrenewable solutions. This has been possible thanks to BioBeautyproject, funded by the Seventh Framework programme of the European Commission. ITENE has been the coordinator of the projet, so we havebeen in charge of managing all the activities among the partners and also a betweenthe different WorkPackages along these two years. The project involves seven morepartners: Heriot Watt University, Alissi BrontÃ«, Alan Coar, Vitiva, Martin Snijder Holding BV, ETS Bugnon and Miniland.
For us is a good experience to work with other companies from different countries: the universityof Scotland, the Slovenian company, the holland company, the other spanishcompanies.and we have learned a lot on this process. BioBeauty solution satisfies final organic cosmetic consumers' requirements: a naturalpackaging solution for a natural product. We believe that customers will likethis kind of packaging and benefits it to offer the quality of the productwhich they are selling. The final consumer I'm sure will
be in corcondance with thistendency because one of the benefits this kind of packaging offers to theconsumer is not to incorporate to the ingredientes that are not needed for thebenefit of the cosmetics. Alissi BrontÃ« customers will feelgreat because they're concerned about the planet, so they want a product thatrespects the planet and is not harmful and environmentally friendly. Biobeauty supposes a great business opportunity for both cosmetic small andmedium enterprises, biopolymers and packaging manufacturers.Working with SMEs and other RTD