(gentle music) Laci Oh hi, everyone! Throughout the last ten years I've had so many vaginal issues that I'm basically a certified hacker now. (ding) Before I get started sharingsome ancient remedies and twenty first century lifesavers
just a little reminder. I'm gonna be talking aboutvaginal infections and stuff and sometimes the symptoms ofthose are actually symptoms of things that are much more serious. So, yay, love your vagina and go to the when you need to. First step, when yeast getsa little outta control. Why yes, I am about to suggest
that you put garlic in your vagina. I know it sounds weird butit seriously works so well. Just push in a whole clove. Don't puncture it or will burn and change that baby every twelve hours. Usually within three to five days my yeast infections are gone. Yeah, it can leave a little bit of a smell
but who doesn't like garlic breadé The vagina's a pocket so it's not gonna get lost but if you're worried, you can tie some floss to it so that you can easily pull it out. For pain relief, I put plain yogurt twith live active cultures into the fingers of a latexglove and then freeze it.
Look for yogurt with theleast amount of sugar that you can find 'cause yeast loves sugar and when you pull it outof the freezer you'll have these delightful,(mumbling) yogurt tampons. Pop one in overnight witha pad to catch the leakage. Next up, UTIs. I know, I know you've heardit before but seriously, hydration is so freaking important.
Try to be drinking alittle water all day long. Second, secret weapon is DMannose. You can get this at a supplement store and I take two capsules three times a day for five days whiledrinking lots of water. Continue taking it a few days even after the symptoms have gone. I've also had good results withprobiotics for bladder pain
Vaginitis Candida BV Trichomoniasis Wet Mount Whiff Test Vaginal pH Trich Albicans gardnerella
Distinguished future physicians welcome toStomp on Step 1 the only free tutorials series that helps you study more efficiently by focusingon the highest yield material. I'm Brian McDaniel and I will be your guide on thisjourney through vulvovaginal infections. This is the 3rd tutorial in my playlist covering allof microbio. Vulvovaginitis (AKA Vaginitis) is inflammationof the lower genital tract. It is usually due to infection, but there are a wide varietyof causes. During this tutorial we will focus on the 3 most important causes of vulvovaginitisfor the medical board exam (trichomonas, candida and BV). However, you should know that othertypes of vaginitis include mechanical irritation,
allergic reactions (to soaps or feminine products)and a variety of other infections. Atrophic Vaginitis is a common cause of vaginitis inpostmenopausal women and we will cover that in a later tutorial in the GYN section. Gonorrheaand Chlamydia present primarily with cervicitis, but it can also cause vulvovaginitis. GCwill be covered later in its own tutorial. We will start with a few different tests thatwe will use to differentiate between the different infections.Wet Prep (AKA Wet Mount Test) is a microscopic examination of vaginal discharge used to differentiatebetween different types of vulvovaginitis. The vaginal specimen is obtained using a speculumand a que tip similar to how one gets a pap
smear. Then the specimen is rubbed onto aglass slide. One half of the slide has a drop of saline added to it while the other halfof the slide has a drop of 1020% KOH (Potassium hydroxide) added to it.When Saline is added it makes it easier to view clue cells for BV flagellated motilecells for trichomonas. The KOH kills bacteria and vaginal cells leavingonly yeast cells. This makes it easier to view the psuedohyphae and budding yeast presentduring vulvovaginal candidiasis. KOH is also alkalotic so it can be used fora â€œWhiff Test.â€� In this scenario when the alkalotic KOH is added to a sample containingBV it will create an amine or fishy smell.
This is a similar principle behind how thesmell of BV can increase after unprotected sex since semen is alkalotic. The normal vaginal pH for a reproductive agewoman is about 4, while the normal vaginal pH before puberty and after menopause is about7. During puberty there is an estrogen guided increase in the growth lactobacilli flora.These bacteria break down glycogen into lactic acid which lowers pH from about 7 to about4. Now that you know the normal values you can apply it to diseases. Usually, BacterialVaginosis Trichomonas have alkalotic pH (gt;4.5 in reproductive age women) while candidahas normal pH (lt;4.5). pH paper can be tested
by using pH paper on vaginal discharge. You can see here at the top right corner thatI give BV a high yield rating of 3 on a scale from 1 to 10. If you want to learn more about that ratingsystem you can go to my website or click on this orange box here if you are watching thistutorial on a computer. Bacterial Vaginosis (AKA BV) is a polymicrobialinfection caused by the overgrowth of normal flora. The key bacteria in this infectionis gram negative Gardnerella Vaginalis. Clue cells are visible on the saline portionof a wet prep. A Clue Cell is a sloughed mucosal
squamous epithelial cell covered in many adherentcoccoid bacteria (Gardenerella Vaginalis). Here is a picture comparing normal squamousepithelial cells with a few scattered lactobacill to squamous cells that are covered in thousandsof adherent garenerella bacteria. Here is one more pic. You can see on the leftwe have a normal squamos epithelial cell with a few WBCs. On the right we have the darkerClue cells. Finally I have a photomicrograph to look atin case you see that on your test. A thinwatery graywhite discharge is presentA fouls smell is present and often described as an Amine Odor or Fishy Smell. This smellis intensified after unprotected intercourse
What Is The Difference Between A Yeast Infection And An STD
Good day, Eric Bakker, naturopath, authorof Candida Crusher with another frequently asked question. What is the difference between a yeast infectionand an STDé An STD is a sexually transmitted disease.Well, there are quite a few differences between both of these problems. An STD is generallya disease transmitted between two people through sexual contact: oral sex, anal sex, straightsex, whatever sex you want to call it. Sometimes in rare cases, STDs can be transferred throughneedle sharing, although in more rare situations. Yeast infections can be sexually transmitted.Don't ever doubt that. But everybody will
contain in their bodies, in the digestivesystem, females in the vaginal area they will have yeast to some degree. And it's when theseyeast get out of hand that you're going to get an infection. Particularly, when theyproliferate or if they're exacerbated through antibiotic use, which is a very common causeof yeast infections, is taking antibiotics. So there is a difference between a yeast infectionand an STD, but STDs are not yeast infections, generally, in terms of only being transmittedsexually, where sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted sexually like Chlamydia andGonorrhea and Syphilis. These diseases are transmitted through the sexual route.
You can read a lot more about the differenttypes of STDs in my book. In fact, I've drawn you a big diagram showing you all the differentsexually transmitted diseases, the discharge, the irritation, whether they itch, what odorsthey have, and I've compared those with a yeast infection to give you a good comparison. A very common thing that many women have isbacterial vaginosis, which they confuse for a yeast infection. So it's good for you toknow the difference between a yeast infection and Chlamydia, for example, or Gonorrhea becausethese diseases do resurface from time and time again.
Is there a differenceé Yes, there is a differencebetween them both. But a yeast infection can be transmitted sexually, but is not a sexuallytransmitted disease per se. So I hope that answers your question. Thankyou.