Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally foundthe vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could bethe case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna aw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. Soorder to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that existsthe vagina. So I'll aw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this upour key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll aw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat existthis sample. So if you really look at it here,
My Vaginal Discharge Smells Like Chlorine
My vaginal discharge smells like chlorine. Are you sure you just aren't overbleachingyour launyé No, this problem remains whether I wear tidywhities or not. It can take on a chemical smell if you'veused a lot of condoms. That's called safe sex. It can take on a chlorinelike smell whenyou've used some types of lubricantsaddition to a condom. Then I don't need to be worried about thesmell if it can be traced to some intimate
activities. Some guys' semen smells like bleach or afaint sugary smell. Condom use pretty much precludes that cause. Now if it smells metallic, that is a signblood is mixed with the vaginal fluids. If I had my period, I'd notice the blood. Blood has more of a copper smell, but if there'san infection like something with lesions and a tinny smell, you could have an STD causingthe off smell. I know fresh blood when it isn't the righttime for it is a problem.
And your period is usually dark red or brownby the time it shows up. But it won't have a chemical smell, justmean I need to use real chlorine bleach to clean up. Your body has a natural pH of 7.4. That's a little alkaline. Yes, since it is higher than 7. Conversely,bleach has a very high pH. Yeah, around 12, but your vagina usually putsout an acidic discharge. The vagina's normal pH is between 3.8 and4.5. If you have vaginosis or some sexually
transmitted disease, the pH can go higherthan 4.5. Then the bleachy smell isn't because theoutput is becoming alkaline. No, but an STD can alter its pH and smell,and when your brain doesn't know what it is, it assigns the first chemical that isanything close. If my biochemistry has altered that much,I have a problem. It isn't an alkaline diet; any diet thatalters your biochemistry that much will kill you. However, an STD could alter the chemistrydown there enough to take on a chemical or acidic smell.
What if I said it smells like ammoniaé Then I would say it is vaginosis due to bacterialgrowth, though it could be due to excessive sweating or dehyation and concentrated urinetoo. And I could end up blaming a urinary leak. Or just sweating a lottight pants whileinking caffeine and energy inks instead of water. But at least that's somethingyou can fix by taking a long hot bath to relax.