Bacterial vaginosis, or BV for short, is aninfection of the vagina that develops when the normal balance of vaginal bacteria isdisrupted. BV is the most common vaginal infectionwomen of childbearing age. Examples of activities that change the normalbacterial balance include douching, taking antibiotics, wearing an intrauterine deviceor IUD, and having unprotected sexual activity. BV is more commonsexually active womenthannonsexually active women, but it is not considered a sexually transmitted diseaseor STD. The main symptom of BV is a thin vaginal dischargethat appears grayish white and smells of fish,
especially after sexual activity. Other symptomsmay include burning when urinating, itching around the outside of the vagina, and irritation.These symptoms may also be caused by another type of infection, so it is important to seea . Many women with BV have no symptoms at all. BV is often diagnosed based on a pelvic examand symptoms, however certain tests can help confirm the diagnosis. BV will sometimes go away without treatment.Your healthcare provider may choose to treat it with antibiotics if your symptoms persist.
How to prevent the spread of resistant bacteria
SILENCE TRANQUIL MUSIC VOICEOVER:Bacteria can make you ill. Some bacteriaare resistant,which case treatment with antibioticshas a limited effect, to none at all. This can cause you to become very ill,and possibly even die. You can also carry bacteriawithout becoming immediately ill,which caseyou can still spread them.
The spread of resistant bacteriais dangerous, especially for peoplewith poor health. You can be contaminatedwith a resistant bacterium, for example, as a result ofadmission to a nursing home or , admission to a abroad,or through contact with farm animals. This is why proper hygiene,such as washing your hands, is important. If someone is contaminatedwith a resistant bacterium, it's important to become aware of thisas soon as possible
order to preventfurther spreading. This is why s enquire aboutpossible exposure to resistant bacteria, whether you have been treatedin other nursing homes or s,a foreign , or if you have hadany contact with farm animals. Everyone should be attentive to this,so we can minimise the risk.