web analytics

Bacterial Vaginosis Strep B

Is A Vaginal Yeast Infection Caused By Bacteria

Hi, Eric Bakker, naturopath, author of CandidaCrusher with another female FAQ. Is a vaginal yeast infection caused by bacteriaé No, a yeast infection is caused by yeast andnot bacteria. There's a clear difference between them both. So bacterial infections generallycause a condition called bacterial vaginosis. Candida albicans causes a condition calleda vaginal yeast infection or thrush. So there's a clear distinction between them both. Yeast infections are reasonably normally occurringin many women to a very minor degree where they don't really provide strong symptoms.And quite a high degree of women have Candida

albicans normallythe tissuesthat partof the body. Some have more; some have less, but when it becomes a problem is when it'sovergrowing; it over proliferates. Bacteria are usually keptcheckthatarea, and there are bacteria that livethat part of the body, too. Corynebacterium,for example, are quite commonly foundvaginal tissuethe lining there of the vagina.And they don't usually cause a problem. Lactobacillus species arethere as well, beneficial bacteria.Other bacteria, however, are associated with vaginosis and particularly BV, or bacterialvaginosis. I've spoken about this previously. It causes more of a gray, profuse, watery,a fishy briny sort of discharge; whereas the

vaginal infection is a different infectionaltogether. Both can create an itch, and a vaginal itch is more incessant and can iveyou crazy compared to the bacterial vaginosis. Getting checked out is important here, sogo to your gynecologist or and ask to be swabbed and checked out, so you knowwhat you're dealing with then you can treat it accordingly. You can read a lot more about these conditionsin my book, Candida Crusher, particularly Chapter 5 on chronic vaginal infections. InChapter 3 under diagnosis, I go into great detail more so about the different types ofvaginal infections and inflammations. You

can read a lot more about this. I talk aboutthe medical treatmentsmy book, the natural treatments, and give you lots of solutionson how to deal with this problem. So be sure to get a copy and have a good read there. So vaginal yeast infection is caused by yeastand not bacteria, so I hope that answers your question. Thank you.

Whats bugging you The Intersection of Genomics and Infectious Disease Jonathan Zenilman

Jonathan Zenilman:Good morning. Thanks for inviting me and I just want to check, am I okay with the soundand stuff like thaté Okay, because we're being taped. What I was asked to do this is actuallypart of the NIH series and I was asked to provide some insights on how genomics haschanged infectious diseases. So what I thought I would do this morning is take you on a littlebit of an odyssey, which includes my personal odyssey and some of the work that I've doneand how my life has changed, how our diagnostics have changed as well, and then show you acouple of case examples where the advent of

genomics technology has changed our abilityto diagnose, manage, treat, and also understand the epidemiology impliions of infections. First of all, I have no conflicts. 2003 wasan interesting year. Besides Collins' editorialThe New England Journal, it wasalso the year when the human genome was sequenced and published. And it was also a year wherewe had the first major case where infectious diseases were rapidly diagnosedan outbreaksetting exclusively via genomics, and I'll show you. Now, I hope some of you probablyremember this. And these still exist but, you know, culture there are many forexample, I have infectious disease fellows

now who've never seen a Gram stain. So theworld has changed substantially since the good old days. This is gonococcal this is gonococcal thisis neisseria gonorrhoeae, and here we have the candle jar which used to be used for transportingthese bugs. However, as you know, cultures take 24 to 48 hours to process. In an erawhen we need rapid diagnostic information, this is a problem. Cultures are prone to overgrowthand all kinds of problems and as we see centralization of laboratory services, it's difficult therecan be major transport problems. For example, if I did this once, which may indiethat I'm a bit of a strange guy: If you go

to the FAA website at 4:00the morningand see what planes arethe air, it's FedEx and Quest Labs because your laboratory yourlaboratory work may go to a Quest or a Labcorp labSalt Lake City, depending on what specificallyyou're ordering. So the days when you can go down to your local microbiologylab and speak to the tech to find out what's going on are many cases, don't existanymore. So,principles, the advent of the genomicera has resultedmany opportunities for infectious disease diagnosis and management.Basically, you wanted the tech the ideas of the tech speciesspecific DNA amplifiedusually by amplifiion technology, often

polymerase chain reaction, but there are awhole host of newer technologies which have come online over the past few years. One ofthe key elements is that bacteria DNA have unique 16S ribosome sequences which can beused to pluck bacterial DNA out of a mixture of human, animal, or other types of DNA. Thisshould be matched it's the DNAs that matched to libraries which have the specific sequencesand right now there's over 2,000 sequence bacteria who've been fully sequenced and thisnumber is increasing exponentially. It's linked to a detection system and the detection systemtechnology has been really advancing incredibly rapidly to the point where these are now desktopmachines with small footprints and I'll show

you. And just for those of you for , I knowmost of you have seen this, PCRs preliminary chain reaction is the typical amplifiionsystem. This is your target DNA. The strands are separated. There's a polymerase whichactually alyzes the attachment of another strand and then this goes on, usually viaa thermocycler, which is a heating which is where the system is heated to 95 degreesCentigrade and then rapidly cooled, which anneals the DNA. And basically within usuallyan hour you can get 30 amplifiion steps. If you remember back from when you were akid, if you take a penny and double it, after

Leave a Reply