music It's a typical day. A patient has noticedsome itching, or maybe an unpleasant vaginal odor. During her exam, the ian willcheck vaginal pH, examine any discharge that's present, and collect a sample. Then, it'son to the microscope. music This is where you'll gather more specificinformationabout what's causing those vaginal symptoms. We'll show you how to prepare andexamine vaginal wet preps and how to do a whiff test. The results, combined with the patient's vaginal pH test, will aidthe diagnosis.
Under the microscope, you'll be looking for trichomonads, yeast, and the clue cells associated with bacterial vaginosis. We'll show you how to recognize them. music First, the microscope itself: This is a compoundlight microscope. It has several objective lenses on a rotating mount. For our purpose,one of these has to be a 10x low power objective, and one has to be a 40x for greater magnifiion.This flat part, under the objectives, is the stage. Under the stage is the condenser. Belowthat, at the base of the microscope, is the light source. There are two knobs that controlfocus; one for coarse adjustment and one for
fine adjustment. And these are the oculars,or eyepieces. We'll come back to the microscopea minute, but first, let's look at how to prepare wet mount slides. The complete vaginal wet mount involves botha saline prep and a potassium hyoxide, or KOH, prep. When the vaginal sample was collected,the swab was placeda test tube with approximately half a milliliter of saline. So, for the salineprep, you only have to take a op of the suspension and place it on a slide. Add acoverslip, being careful to avoid trapping air bubbles. Your saline slide is ready.Place a second op of the vaginal sample on another slide and add one op of 10 percentKOH. Sniff the preparation immediately, using
your hand to waft any odor toward your nose.This is the whiff test. Note if there's a fishy or amine odor. Then add a coverslip,avoiding air bubbles. Keepmind that you must work quickly to prepare and examine thewet mounts. That's because trichomonads may lose their characteristic motility within15 to 20 minutes. Before we move on now, though, let's lookat the cast of characters you may discover. These are normal squamous epithelial cellsfoundthe vagina. They're large, flat cells with a small nucleus and a large area of cytoplasm.Note that there is some granularitythe cytoplasm.
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are known asPolys, or PMNs. They may also be called white blood cells, or WBCs. These are small roundcells. Several lobes of the nucleus are visible within the surrounding cell cytoplasm. Findingmany PMNs may indie infection. Trichomonads are pearshaped protozoa whichmove by means of flagella. Trichomonads are similarsize to PMNs and are identifiedby their characteristic jerking movement. The actual flagella may be too thin and toorapidlymoving to be seen. A clue cell is a squamous epithelial cellcoated with enough small bacteria that at least 75 percent of the cell's border is obliterated.It may look as if someone has spread glue
over the cell and pressed itsand. Cluecells are associated with bacterial vaginosis, a conditionwhich the normal microbialflora of the vagina is disrupted. Yeast may be foundtwo forms. Pseudohyphaeare the long, tubular, branching forms. Budding yeast are paired yeast cells that resemblea shoe print. The larger part is the sole and the smaller bud is the heel of the shoe. The saline prep will allow you to see epithelialcells, PMNs, trichomonads, and clue cells. You can also see yeastsaline, but sometimesit's hidden by epithelial cells or by PMNs. Red blood cells, sperm, and bacteria can alsobe seen.
How to Apply Garlic for Yeast Infection Home Remedy
How to apply garlic for yeast infectionhome remedy garlic has many benefitsany diseasesespecially related to the inflammation and infection since the ancient era athing that women should know is the function of garlic for yeast infection it is also can remove the funds i routeonly the bacteria as long as we know so far therefore if you have a problem with ayeast infection that may cause the itchy redness and not normally discharge inthe vagina
you can try this method how it works canada forms the thick layer of sludgeand it is used to cover itself it is called biofilm and it can land the yeastcells the garlic extract can reduce the development of the biofilm a licen thecomponentcrushed garlic inhibits candidate biofilm it suppresses theexpression of the highfill cell wall protein or it is called HP w1h pw1 playsa key rolethe early stages of the development of the East biofilmadosedependent manner a license helps to reduce the amount of yeast celldeveloping how to use garlic for yeast
infection using garlic for yeastinfection is simple you just need to take a clove of garlic and cut it inhalf place it inside your vagina at night you should repeat this procedureevery night for a few nights when you cut the garlic it makes the garlic moreeffective to against the canada you should be careful because thistreatment may burn the skin a very tender part of your body garlic is also can obviate thetransition of canada into a highfill form and suppressor gene expressionresponsible for the transition a study
showed that the presence of garlic stopsthe transition of the east from a single cell into a germ tube it also can reducethe presence of the virulent form of Canada cells if you want to use garlicfor yeast infection the only thing you should concern isabout the burning sensation around the area you put the garlic to get the bestresult make sure you already clean your affected area and keep it y beforeapplying the garlic on it to let the garlic absorbs well it is better for youto stay naked for a while no more thing to consider to preventthis infection happened to you you
should stay to keep the hygieneespeciallyyour vital area it is good for you to use the comfortable materialof underwear and make sure to change it at least twice a day it is not a simple solution to cure thisinfection therefore you need to be patient totreat it whether it seems like not read or itchy anymore sometimes the rest of the canada isstill there and it can make the replica of themselves by the time therefore toprevent the followed infection you need
to keep doing the treatment for at leasta week after everything seems good it is good to make sure the canada is finishedand no more canada rootsit thank you for watching please subscribeour channel to stay up to date with our daily informative tutorial by clicking thesubscribe button also don't forget to like this tutorial and leave your comment.