Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally foundthe vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could bethe case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna aw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. Soorder to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that existsthe vagina. So I'll aw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this upour key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll aw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat existthis sample. So if you really look at it here,
How to Have a Healthy Vagina by Keeping Your Vagina Clean
1.Wash with hot water only. It may seem counterintuitive, but washing your vagina with soap, whetherit's bar soap or liquid, isn't the best way to keep clean. The vagina actually stays quiteclean on its own without the help of outside cleansers.Like other parts of the body, thevagina has a pH level that needs to be maintained within a certain range 3.5 and 4.5, to bespecific order to prevent the growth of unhealthy bacteria and facilitate the growthof good bacteria. Using harsh cleansers can upset the balance, leading to infection, irritation,and even bad smells. People often refer to the entire area quot;downtherequot; as the vagina, but remember that the
vagina is actually the tubelike muscle loedinside your body. The vulva, the skin outside the vagina, may be cleansed with nofrillsbar soap, as long as you don't find that it irritates your skin.If you do end up washing your vagina with soap, make sure to thoroughly rinse it withwarm water so that no traces of soap are left behind. Soap left inside the vagina can causeirritation. 2.Don't use douches or feminine sprays. Douching with chemicals that are supposed to make yourvagina smell like a field of flowers actually ends up having quite the opposite effect.Theywash out all the healthy bacteria that helps
your vagina stay clean and infectionfree.The chemicals left behind by douches can cause irritation and even burning, and the samegoes for feminine sprays. If you keep your vagina healthy using other methods, therewill be no need to try to make it smell different. Scented creams marketed as a way to changethe smell of your vagina can cause the same problems, so these should also be avoided.The same goes for scented pads and tampons and scented wipes.If you feel like you absolutely have to use a scent on your vagina, go for something completelynatural and chemical free. You can make your own body spray by mixing a few ops of anessential oil like rose, lavender or lemongrass
with watera spray bottle. Use the bodyspray after showering, and make sure you're completely y before getting essed.3. Have good hygiene during your period. Manywomen experience an increased rate of vaginal infections when they're menstruating, sincehaving bloodthe vagina changes its pH and throws things out of balance. To stayhealthy during your period, practice the following habits: Change your tampon frequently. Tampons absorbmenstrual blood, and if you leave themtoo long, you're keeping the bloodyourvagina where it can change your pH. Make sure
you change your tampon every few hours tokeep this from happening. Don't use pads or panty liners for longerthan necessary. Wearing pads and panty liners all month long or after your period is overcan lead to skin irritation. Consider getting a menstrual cup. These rubbercups are insertedthe vagina to ch the blood, then rinsed out with hot water everyfew hours. Menstrual cups are a chemicalfree choice for handling your period, and theycan be really helpful if you tend to get irritated by tampons and pads.4. Wipe from front to back. It's important towipe from front to back, rather than the reverse,
to keep fecal matter from entering your vaginaand causing an infection. Use plain, unscented toilet paper to wipe. Avoid using wet wipesor any other product that contains perfumes and chemicals.