Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally foundthe vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could bethe case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna aw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. Soorder to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that existsthe vagina. So I'll aw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this upour key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll aw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat existthis sample. So if you really look at it here,
Yeast Infection Symptoms Vaginal Yeast Infection Cause and Symptoms
Vaginal Yeast Infection ï¿½ Cause and Symptoms Vaginal yeast infections, also called quot;Candidavaginal infections,quot; typically are caused by the Candida albicans fungus. During a lifetime, 75 percent of all womenare likely to have at least one vaginal Candida infection, and up to 45 percent have two ormore. Women tend to be more likely to get to vaginalyeast infections if their bodies are under stress from poor diet, lack of sleep, illness,or when they are pregnant or taking antibiotics. Women with immunesuppressing diseases suchas diabetes and HIV infection also are at
increased risk. ï¿½ Vaginal yeast infections are very common. They can bother you a lot, but they are simpleto treat. ï¿½ The symptoms of a yeast infection, suchas itching, can also be caused by other problems. If you have never had a yeast infection before,or if you are pregnant, see your . If you have had a yeast infection before anecognize the symptoms, you do not need to see a . How do I know if I have a yeast infectioné
Yeast infections can be very uncomfortable,but are usually not serious. Symptoms include the following: ï¿½ Itching and burningthe vagina andaround the vulva (the skin that surrounds your vagina) ï¿½ A white vaginal discharge that may looklike cottage cheese ï¿½ Pain during sexual intercourse ï¿½ Swelling of the vulva Symptoms
ï¿½ Common symptoms for all three infectionsinclude some kind of vaginal itching, redness, and a discharge. Below are all the yeast infection symptoms. ï¿½ Itching and burningthe vagina. ï¿½ Swelling, itching, and burning aroundthe skin surrounding the vagina and vulva, even at the lightest contact. ï¿½ White thick vaginal discharge. ï¿½ Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
Burning sensation during and even after urination. ï¿½ Causes, incidence, and risk factors: Candida albicans is a widespread organismwith worldwide distribution. It is normally foundsmall amountsthevagina , the mouth, the digestive tract, and on the skin without causing disease or symptoms(approximately 25% of women without disease symptoms have this organism present). Yeast infections are common among dishwashersand people whose hands are oftenwater,
chilen who suck their thumbs or fingers,andpeople whose clothing retains body moisture. The diaper rash called candidal dermatitisis caused by yeast growththe folds of a baby's skin. Other yeast or fungal infections are: ï¿½ Balanitis ï¿½ Intertrigo ï¿½ Moniliasis