Bacterial vaginosis, or BV for short, is aninfection of the vagina that develops when the normal balance of vaginal bacteria isdisrupted. BV is the most common vaginal infectionwomen of childbearing age. Examples of activities that change the normalbacterial balance include douching, taking antibiotics, wearing an intrauterine deviceor IUD, and having unprotected sexual activity. BV is more commonsexually active womenthannonsexually active women, but it is not considered a sexually transmitted diseaseor STD. The main symptom of BV is a thin vaginal dischargethat appears grayish white and smells of fish,
especially after sexual activity. Other symptomsmay include burning when urinating, itching around the outside of the vagina, and irritation.These symptoms may also be caused by another type of infection, so it is important to seea . Many women with BV have no symptoms at all. BV is often diagnosed based on a pelvic examand symptoms, however certain tests can help confirm the diagnosis. BV will sometimes go away without treatment.Your healthcare provider may choose to treat it with antibiotics if your symptoms persist.
Myoma Uterine Fibroids What is Myoma Causes Symptoms and Treatment for Myoma
A fibroid is a benign tumor that mainlyconsists have muscular tissue and usually grows inside the uterus. Fibroids are also called myomas. Its size ranges widely, from a small tumor the size of a pea to a large tumor almost the size of theuterus. Myomas are classified into three types,depending on the loion where they are found. The intramural myoma, a fibroid thatgrows
the muscular wall of the uterus. This subserosal myoma, a fibroidloed just beneath the outside mucosal covering of the uterus.Here the fibroid projects to the outside and occasionally remainsconnected with the uterus only through a small stalk. The submucosal myoma, a tumor that grows beneath the surface ofthe uterus lining. Therefore, this type of fibroids can growinto the uterine cavity. The actual causes have development ofa fibroid are still unclear.
However, it has been documented thatfibroids are associated with high levels of estrogen, the female sex hormone. Fibroids can only developed duringreproductive years of women. Following menopause, the production of estrogen decreases which will usually cause fibroids toshrink or disappear. Myomas are more commonnonpregnant and infertile women. In general, fibroids are asymptomatic
or associated with just a few complaintsif any complaints. If any complaints occur, then the loion, size and type of thefibroid are the major factors. Fibroids can affect nearby structures.They can cause compression of the bladder, which may lead to urinary complaints, or may obstruct the intestine, which may resultconstipation. Othercomplaints can be: backaches, abdominal problems, menstrual flowdisturbances.
Fibroids can impede normal childbirth,which may require caesarean delivery. Fibroids relatively more often lead tomiscarriages. Whenever fibroids cause symptoms, theyneed to be removed or shrinked. Mediions sometimes cause fibroid toshrink by blocking the production and secretion of estrogen. In other cases, surgery may be requiredto remove the fibroid.
The type of surgery depends on theloion of the fibroid. Sometimes it's possible to remove thefibroid with the help of the tube entered through the vagina and theprocedure is called hysteroscopic myomectomy. In other cases, surgery through theabdominal wall may be necessary. In the case of a large fibroid,hysterectomy may be the only solution. This option only applies when there isno desire to have more chilen. You generalpractitioner can give you more