Bacterial vaginosis, or BV for short, is aninfection of the vagina that develops when the normal balance of vaginal bacteria isdisrupted. BV is the most common vaginal infectionwomen of childbearing age. Examples of activities that change the normalbacterial balance include douching, taking antibiotics, wearing an intrauterine deviceor IUD, and having unprotected sexual activity. BV is more commonsexually active womenthannonsexually active women, but it is not considered a sexually transmitted diseaseor STD. The main symptom of BV is a thin vaginal dischargethat appears grayish white and smells of fish,
especially after sexual activity. Other symptomsmay include burning when urinating, itching around the outside of the vagina, and irritation.These symptoms may also be caused by another type of infection, so it is important to seea . Many women with BV have no symptoms at all. BV is often diagnosed based on a pelvic examand symptoms, however certain tests can help confirm the diagnosis. BV will sometimes go away without treatment.Your healthcare provider may choose to treat it with antibiotics if your symptoms persist.
Vaginitis or vaginal infections with Gabrielle Lany
Vaginal infections are often associated withvaginitis, an inflammation of the vaginal wall characterized by swelling, irritation,discharge and itchiness. The main causes of vaginitis are yeast infectionor candida, bacterial vaginosis, trichomonas and allergic dermatitis. Only trichomonascan be sexually transmitted. In the case of candida vaginitis or bacterialvaginosis, the causes can vary widely, including: antibiotics, hygiene products such as perfumedsoap or bubble bath, certain diseases such as diabetes, as well as sexual intercourse.Basically, these infections result from variationsthe vaginal flora.The symptoms of vaginitis include irritation
of external areas of the genitals, itchy ortingling sensations, redness and sometimes broken skin on the vulva, and especially adense white discharge resembling cottage cheese. The symptoms of bacterial vaginosis includea greyish or yellowish discharge, but it's mainly the fishy smell that characterizesthis infection. You might also experience crampsyour pelvic region, along with rednessand itching of the vulva and the vagina. The symptoms of trichomonas also include avaginal discharge, often greenish or yellowish, a changethe odour of the vaginal discharge,as well as itching, sometimes intense, of the genitals. To diagnose vaginitis, a al examination
is required, along with the patient's detailedmedical history. A number of treatments exist for vaginitisresulting from a yeast infection. Some of them are available without a prescriptionat ugstores. These remedies range from vaginal cream to a single dosepill form. However,if symptoms persist or the overthecounter treatment is not effective, we recommend thatyou see a to obtain a precise diagnosis and determine whether the infection is anSTI. Your partner does not necessarily need a treatment,exceptthe case of trichomonas, or if the infection is persistent, or if he experiencesan irritation on his penis known as balanitis.
Vaginitis is not dangerous on its own, althoughthe irritation that it causes can make you more vulnerable to STIs.Vaginitis does not pose a risk for pregnancy, but as a precaution, we recommend that yousee a to ensure that you receive the appropriate treatment for pregnant women.A few tips on preventing vaginitis: rinse your genitals each day with water, orwash with a gentle pH neutral soap; avoid perfumes and strong soaps;make sure to y your genitals each time after urinating;wash your genitals each time after sexual relations;avoid vaginal douches.
In the case of trichomonas, the rules forpreventing STIs are applicable, that is, use a condom each time you have sex with a newpartner. Treatments are available for recurrent vaginitis,which means, when the infection occurs four or more timesa year. Your can choosethe treatment that's right for you.