Vaginitis Candida BV Trichomoniasis Wet Mount Whiff Test Vaginal pH Trich Albicans gardnerella
Distinguished future physicians welcome toStomp on Step 1 the only free tutorials series that helps you study more efficiently by focusingon the highest yield material. I'm Brian McDaniel and I will be your guide on thisjourney through vulvovaginal infections. This is the 3rd tutorialmy playlist covering allof microbio. Vulvovaginitis (AKA Vaginitis) is inflammationof the lower genital tract. It is usually due to infection, but there are a wide varietyof causes. During this tutorial we will focus on the 3 most important causes of vulvovaginitisfor the medical board exam (trichomonas, candida and BV). However, you should know that othertypes of vaginitis include mechanical irritation,
allergic reactions (to soaps or feminine products)and a variety of other infections. Atrophic Vaginitis is a common cause of vaginitis inpostmenopausal women and we will cover thata later tutorialthe GYN section. Gonorrheaand Chlamydia present primarily with cervicitis, but it can also cause vulvovaginitis. GCwill be covered laterits own tutorial. We will start with a few different tests thatwe will use to differentiate between the different infections.Wet Prep (AKA Wet Mount Test) is a microscopic examination of vaginal discharge used to differentiatebetween different types of vulvovaginitis. The vaginal specimen is obtained using a speculumand a que tip similar to how one gets a pap
smear. Then the specimen is rubbed onto aglass slide. One half of the slide has a op of saline added to it while the other halfof the slide has a op of 1020% KOH (Potassium hyoxide) added to it.When Saline is added it makes it easier to view clue cells for BV flagellated motilecells for trichomonas. The KOH kills bacteria and vaginal cells leavingonly yeast cells. This makes it easier to view the psuedohyphae and budding yeast presentduring vulvovaginal candidiasis. KOH is also alkalotic so it can be used fora â€œWhiff Test.â€� In this scenario when the alkalotic KOH is added to a sample containingBV it will create an amine or fishy smell.
This is a similar principle behind how thesmell of BV can increase after unprotected sex since semen is alkalotic. The normal vaginal pH for a reproductive agewoman is about 4, while the normal vaginal pH before puberty and after menopause is about7. During puberty there is an estrogen guided increasethe growth lactobacilli flora.These bacteria break down glycogen into lactic acid which lowers pH from about 7 to about4. Now that you know the normal values you can apply it to diseases. Usually, BacterialVaginosis Trichomonas have alkalotic pH (gt;4.5reproductive age women) while candidahas normal pH (lt;4.5). pH paper can be tested
by using pH paper on vaginal discharge. You can see here at the top right corner thatI give BV a high yield rating of 3 on a scale from 1 to 10. If you want to learn more about that ratingsystem you can go to my website or click on this orange box here if you are watching thistutorial on a computer. Bacterial Vaginosis (AKA BV) is a polymicrobialinfection caused by the overgrowth of normal flora. The key bacteriathis infectionis gram negative Gardnerella Vaginalis. Clue cells are visible on the saline portionof a wet prep. A Clue Cell is a sloughed mucosal
squamous epithelial cell coveredmany adherentcoccoid bacteria (Gardenerella Vaginalis). Here is a picture comparing normal squamousepithelial cells with a few stered lactobacill to squamous cells that are coveredthousandsof adherent garenerella bacteria. Here is one more pic. You can see on the leftwe have a normal squamos epithelial cell with a few WBCs. On the right we have the darkerClue cells. Finally I have a photomicrograph to look atin case you see that on your test. A thinwatery graywhite discharge is presentA fouls smell is present and often described as an Amine Odor or Fishy Smell. This smellis intensified after unprotected intercourse
Can Chilen Have A Yeast Infection
Hi there, Erik Bakker once again with CandidaCrusher FAQs. Here's FAQ No. 12. This is a frequently asked question I get. This one'sfrom MariaSydney, Australia. I believe my child has a yeast infection.Can chilen have yeast infectionsé Maria, there's no doubt about it. Chilenare susceptible to the same cause and effect of yeast infections that adults are. Manychilen are actually born with a yeast infection because the mother had a vaginal yeast infectionwhen she gave birth to the child. Furthermore, many chilen today are not breast fed forlong enough, I find. And many infants will be placed on cow's milk, formulas, predisposingthem to digestive problems leading to antibiotics,
which again can precipitate a yeast infection. Too many chilenmy take antibiotics.Antibiotics are one of the most important causative factorsdetermining a child'syeast infection. Some chilen I see take 10, 20, 50, even a 100 rounds of antibioticsbefore they're even five years of age; it's unbelievable. Many s still freely prescribeantibiotics. Chilen also love to eat a lot of sweat foods,ice creams and lollies and chocolates and things like that, which will further the yeastinfection. Think about a child with an itchy anus, itchy rectum, you may find this childhas a worm infection. Many chilen with worms
or parasites also have yeast infections. So to answer your question, yes, chilenare certainly prone towards yeast infections and benefit very much so from my Candida Crusherprogram. Thank you.
Child Candida Symptoms How To Recognize The Child Candida Patient
Greetings. New Zealand naturopath, Eric Bakker,author of Candida Crusher and formulator of the Canxida range of dietary supplements.Thank you again for tuning into my tutorial. I really appreciate you watching my tutorials.This is the third onea threepart series on how to recognize the Candida patient. Idid one previously on how to recognize the female patient who you suspect has Candida.I've just done one on the male and this is the third one. How to recognize a child witha yeast infection. I'll read a bit more out of my book.A child with Candida can be mislabeled hyperactive or learning disabled by a practitioner whodoes not fully understand the true significance
of pediatric yeast synome. William Crook,who wrote the Yeast Synome, was a pediatrician who noticed that many of his young patientswould improve significantly once the yeast overgrowth was eradied. It's a pity thatmany pediatricians today do not have the same level of al experience with intestinaldysbiosis and chilen's health that Crook had.Chilen who have Candida may manifest multiple allergic synomes that can affect them onmany different levels. These chilen can even display behavioral and learning difficultiesas a result of individual reactions to foods, chemicals and preservatives and may be linkedto a Candida yeast infection. In my al
experience, some chilen do not need ugslike Ritalin after all. Particularly, if they are first assessed and treated for allergiesand carefully screened for Candida and yeast infections or SIBO, small intestinal bacterialovergrowth. Like William Crook, I've certainly noticed over the years that chilen who haveboth behavioral and learning disabilities as well as yeast infections display a markeeduction of symptoms once the Candida is eliminated, much to their parents' relief.A very important part of Candida treatment with chilen is getting them away from sweetsas much as possible. And a good way to start is by eliminating all soda inks, candy,sweets, and unnecessary food and ink items.
This can present as a challenge and you willfind it an easier task with younger as opposed to older chilen. Believe me, I have fourchilen, and I know how difficult it can be, but it is achievable. Especially if youoffer your child fruits instead of highly processed sweets, ice cream, candy and sodainks. Even though fruits contain sugar, they don't contain the same kind of sugaras you would give straight out candy or ice cream. Give them diluted juices to step themdown. A case comes to mind. About a year ago, ofa lady who brought me a fiveyearold boy with an incredible attitude problem. In myroom, he was pulling all my books off the
shelf. He was jumping on the furniture andhe was very disruptive. The mom told me that she was feeding him one and half kilogramsof cheese a week. That equates to I think about three or four pounds of cheeseaweek. Just giving him big slices whenever he was screaming. I mentioned to her aboutthis connection with the molds, potentially the allergies and the behavior, and she wasa little bit. quot;How can that cause any problemséquot; But the amazing thing is when the child wasbrought backabout six weeks, he sat there on the chair with his hands folded on hislap and didn't move. And she said to me, quot;It's incredible how he's changed.quot; And it was justthe cheese. Food is really,some cases,
linked up to behavioral problems, so justpay attention to that. How do you recognize a child potentially witha yeast infectioné Let's read some things out of my book here. The case history willoften tell you if you're dealing with a child who has Candida or not. I regularly have naturopathicstudents who sitfor observationsmy , and I like them to be aware of theimportance of case taking when it comes to chilenthe , especially. A casewell taken is a case half solved. What happenedthe past is probably one of the most importantquestions you can ask a motheré It's surprising how when you ask a mother when her child wasprescribed an antibioticrelation to her