Hi, Eric Bakker, naturopath, author of CandidaCrusher with another female FAQ. Is a vaginal yeast infection caused by bacteriaé No, a yeast infection is caused by yeast andnot bacteria. There's a clear difference between them both. So bacterial infections generallycause a condition called bacterial vaginosis. Candida albicans causes a condition calleda vaginal yeast infection or thrush. So there's a clear distinction between them both. Yeast infections are reasonably normally occurringin many women to a very minor degree where they don't really provide strong symptoms.And quite a high degree of women have Candida
albicans normallythe tissuesthat partof the body. Some have more; some have less, but when it becomes a problem is when it'sovergrowing; it over proliferates. Bacteria are usually keptcheckthatarea, and there are bacteria that livethat part of the body, too. Corynebacterium,for example, are quite commonly foundvaginal tissuethe lining there of the vagina.And they don't usually cause a problem. Lactobacillus species arethere as well, beneficial bacteria.Other bacteria, however, are associated with vaginosis and particularly BV, or bacterialvaginosis. I've spoken about this previously. It causes more of a gray, profuse, watery,a fishy briny sort of discharge; whereas the
vaginal infection is a different infectionaltogether. Both can create an itch, and a vaginal itch is more incessant and can iveyou crazy compared to the bacterial vaginosis. Getting checked out is important here, sogo to your gynecologist or and ask to be swabbed and checked out, so you knowwhat you're dealing with then you can treat it accordingly. You can read a lot more about these conditionsin my book, Candida Crusher, particularly Chapter 5 on chronic vaginal infections. InChapter 3 under diagnosis, I go into great detail more so about the different types ofvaginal infections and inflammations. You
can read a lot more about this. I talk aboutthe medical treatmentsmy book, the natural treatments, and give you lots of solutionson how to deal with this problem. So be sure to get a copy and have a good read there. So vaginal yeast infection is caused by yeastand not bacteria, so I hope that answers your question. Thank you.
Fungal Infections and Antifungal Treatments Ringworm Candida Aspergillus Histoplasmosis
Distinguished future physicians welcome toStomp on Step 1 the only free tutorials series that helps you study more efficiently by focusingon the highest yield material. I'm Brian McDaniel and I will be your guide on thisjourney through Fungi. This is the 1st tutorialmy playlist covering all of Microbiologyfor the USMLE Step 1 Medical Board Exam. We are going to Opportunistic Mycoses,Systemic Mycoses, Superficial Fungal infections and Antifungal mediions. This info isn't very high yield for theexam, but I want to give us a little bit of a foundation to build on. Fungi are a groupof eukaryotic organisms that present as either
a unicellular organism (Yeast) or a multicellularorganism (Mold). They are nearly everywherenature, but only a small percentage cancause diseasehumans. Most of the infections that occur are asymptomatic or so mild thatthat are not detected. Many of the pathogenic Fungi are dimorphic, meaning that they arepresentthe form of a moldcolder temperatures and presentthe form of yeast at warmertemperatures (such as body temperature after infecting a human). A way to remember thisis the mnemonic â€œMoldthe Cold, Yeastthe Heat.â€� Fungi have a complex reproductivelife cycle that includes formation of Spores which can livethe environmenta vegetativestate. Humans usually contract fungal infections
by acquiring these spores from environmentalsources such as soil. Most fungal infections do not have a person to person spread. Mold form hyphae while Yeast form buddingyeast and psuedohyphae. Both hyphae and Psuedohyphae are branching filamentous vegetative structuresof fungi and each form spores. True hyphae have septae or cell walls between sectionswhile psuedohyphae are formed by budding without a true cell wallseptae between sections. The high yield fungal infections can primarilybe broken down into two groups, Systemic and Opportunistic. Fungithe systemic egoryhave a higher virulence and can infect health
individuals. While these fungi can infectimmunocoment individuals the infections are usually mild and localized to the respiratorysystem. In immunocompromised individuals the infections can more commonly spread from thelungs and disseminate to the rest of the body. Systemic fungi are foundspecific geographicregions so when a question stem mentions a specific state that should be a buzzword toconsider these fungi. Opportunistic Fungi are lower virulence and have to â€œwait forthe right opportunityâ€� to infect a host. Opportunistic infections usually only occurin immunocompromised patients such as those with AIDs, transplanted organs or cancer.For both systemic and Opportunistic Mycoses
infections the route of infections is mostoften inhalation of a spore from an environmental source. This first leads to a respiratoryinfection, and then given the right circumstances the infection may then spread to other partsof the body. Candida is the exception as it is normal skin flora. We all have Candidapresent on our skin and it only causes a problem when factors lead to an overgrowth of thefungi. The highest yield systemic mycoses are histoplasmosis,blastomycosis Coccidioidomycosis. The highest yield Opportunistic Mycoses are Candida, aspergillus,cryptococcus, mucormycosis Pneumocystis Jiirovecii.
For the most part, these different fungalinfections cannot be differentiated based only on the signs and symptoms. Most of thefungi present like pneumonia with vague flu like symptoms. Therefore, the different fungiare primarily differentiated based on histologic examination of the sputum, biopsy or swab.A stain such as PAS or silver stain is usually needed to visualize the fungi. You shouldbe able to identify the histology of each fungus via a pictures and a text descriptionof the findings as you can be presented with eitherthe question. Coccidioidomycosis is one of the SystemicMycoses. I give it a high yield rating of