Bacterialvaginosis is a disease that's caused by the overgrowth of a type of bacteria that's called Gardnerella vaginalis, Gardnerella vaginalis. And as the name might suggest, this is the most common vaginal infection. Now I wanna put these really big quotes
around the term infection because the thing that's interesting about Gardnerella vaginalis is that it's a bacteriathat's naturally foundthe vagina. Now some may consider this to be a sexually transmitted infection, which is interestingbecause it doesn't cause
any problems until there'stoo much of it there. So when we look to the causes of bacterial vaginosis, they are all things that change the vaginal environment. That can include acts like douching, so douching, or rinsing of the vagina. The other is having newor multiple sex partners.
And finally, another known cause is the use of antibiotics. This could bethe case of somebody that has a throat infection or a pneumonia that's on antibiotics which will then attackthe bacteria that exists within the vagina andallow Gardnerella vaginalis to overgrow and cause bacterial vaginosis.
So we've touched a little bit on it here, but I wanna aw it out. So when we talk about the pathophysiology of a disease, we'retalking about the mechanism by which that disease occurs. Soorder to understandthe pathophysiology of bacterial vaginosis, we need to take a look at a sample of bacteria
that existsthe vagina. So I'll aw out someGardnerella vaginalis bacteria, and so I'll put this upour key. This is the symbol forGardnerella vaginalis. And I'll aw a few of them around here, but I also wanna show that there are a lot of other bacteriathat existthis sample. So if you really look at it here,
DermTV How to Treat Under Breast Rashes Infections DermTV Epi 190
Hello, I'm Neal Schultz pause and welcome to DermTV. Rashes under the breast tend to occur if theskin of the lower part of the breast lies flat against the skin below thebreast. That tends to happen at a certain timelife whether it's fromage, gravity, from having had chilen or just from the way that you'rebuilt. Whether you know it or not, your skin perspires all the time butwhen skin lies flat against
another layer of skin that perspiration orsweat can't evaporate and moisture accumulates. When moisture accumulatesin closed areas, like skin against skin, it promotes the growth of bacteriaand other germs and that creates odors and that can lead to infections.The most common infections that occurthis context, on the under partof the breast, are yeast infections and bacterial infections. To helpprevent this, very simply, after you shower treat this area with thesame antiperspirant that you use under your arms. If that's not effectiveat sufficiently decreasing the
sweating, then take a thin piece of cottonmaterial and place that thin piece of material under andthe fold belowthe breast on both sides to help absorb moisture. If you actually do developa rash below your breast usually it manifests as itchy little red bumpswith some oozing. Usually this is very uncomfortable. It's probablya yeast infection and the best way to treat it is with milk and water compressesand the instructions, for those is discussedDermTV Episode 15.In addition, over the counter Mikonazol lotion applied very lightly twoor three times a day, will often
help cure a yeast infection. And by the way,this may seem counter intuitive, but soapthese circumstancesis bad it's not good and soap will actually make the infection worse. Ifthese simple measures don't help improve your rash then see your dermatologistfor further treatment.
Yeast Infections Boys Town Pediatrics
Occasionally diaper rashes can become infectedwith yeast. Yeast just lives on the skingeneral and it likes warm moist environmentsthat are dark to start growing. So if you've had a diaper rash that's been there forthree days, is one clue. If it has kind of a beefy red appearance and especially if thereare little red dots that we call satellite lesions steredthe area, those may besigns of yeast infections. It doesn't happen as frequently if you'rechanging the diapers frequently but if you have a diaper rash that is already there andyou leave a diaper on for a long time it is more likely it is going to turn into a yeastinfection.
If the yeast infection goes on and on it caninvolve more of a widespread area, it can break down the skin, that skin can then becomeinfected with bacteria on top of the yeast and just become more difficult to treat andmore painful for your baby. You can comeand be seen with those andyou can also try some home treatments with overthecounter medicine like Clotrimazolewhich is available over the counter, usuallythe athlete's foot section. It's fineto putthat diaper area. So you are going to want to put your mediedointment on first and then put your barrier ointment on top of that, your roleum jelly, your Desitin, your Boueaux's, your A
and D, whichever, andgeneral just stayaway from the powders. We don't want to use the cornstarch, the talcum powers, thebaby powders, just your creams and ointments. If it is not responding to that mediionor if it looks like there may be something else going on make sure to comeand seeyour . The main thing is try to keep a y diaperon as frequent as possible so it doesn't mean at the first sign of pee you have tochange but try to avoid those times with prolonged episodes of sittinga wet diaper. Those episodes are the settings where the fungus thrives. When you start to see a littlebit of a rash go ahead and start using diaper
ointment and just use thick amounts of it.If your use a thin amount it just isn't going to work as effectively.