music It's a typical day. A patient has noticedsome itching, or maybe an unpleasant vaginal odor. During her exam, the ian willcheck vaginal pH, examine any discharge that's present, and collect a sample. Then, it'son to the microscope. music This is where you'll gather more specificinformationabout what's causing those vaginal symptoms. We'll show you how to prepare andexamine vaginal wet preps and how to do a whiff test. The results, combined with the patient's vaginal pH test, will aidthe diagnosis.
Under the microscope, you'll be looking for trichomonads, yeast, and the clue cells associated with bacterial vaginosis. We'll show you how to recognize them. music First, the microscope itself: This is a compoundlight microscope. It has several objective lenses on a rotating mount. For our purpose,one of these has to be a 10x low power objective, and one has to be a 40x for greater magnifiion.This flat part, under the objectives, is the stage. Under the stage is the condenser. Belowthat, at the base of the microscope, is the light source. There are two knobs that controlfocus; one for coarse adjustment and one for
fine adjustment. And these are the oculars,or eyepieces. We'll come back to the microscopea minute, but first, let's look at how to prepare wet mount slides. The complete vaginal wet mount involves botha saline prep and a potassium hyoxide, or KOH, prep. When the vaginal sample was collected,the swab was placeda test tube with approximately half a milliliter of saline. So, for the salineprep, you only have to take a op of the suspension and place it on a slide. Add acoverslip, being careful to avoid trapping air bubbles. Your saline slide is ready.Place a second op of the vaginal sample on another slide and add one op of 10 percentKOH. Sniff the preparation immediately, using
your hand to waft any odor toward your nose.This is the whiff test. Note if there's a fishy or amine odor. Then add a coverslip,avoiding air bubbles. Keepmind that you must work quickly to prepare and examine thewet mounts. That's because trichomonads may lose their characteristic motility within15 to 20 minutes. Before we move on now, though, let's lookat the cast of characters you may discover. These are normal squamous epithelial cellsfoundthe vagina. They're large, flat cells with a small nucleus and a large area of cytoplasm.Note that there is some granularitythe cytoplasm.
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are known asPolys, or PMNs. They may also be called white blood cells, or WBCs. These are small roundcells. Several lobes of the nucleus are visible within the surrounding cell cytoplasm. Findingmany PMNs may indie infection. Trichomonads are pearshaped protozoa whichmove by means of flagella. Trichomonads are similarsize to PMNs and are identifiedby their characteristic jerking movement. The actual flagella may be too thin and toorapidlymoving to be seen. A clue cell is a squamous epithelial cellcoated with enough small bacteria that at least 75 percent of the cell's border is obliterated.It may look as if someone has spread glue
over the cell and pressed itsand. Cluecells are associated with bacterial vaginosis, a conditionwhich the normal microbialflora of the vagina is disrupted. Yeast may be foundtwo forms. Pseudohyphaeare the long, tubular, branching forms. Budding yeast are paired yeast cells that resemblea shoe print. The larger part is the sole and the smaller bud is the heel of the shoe. The saline prep will allow you to see epithelialcells, PMNs, trichomonads, and clue cells. You can also see yeastsaline, but sometimesit's hidden by epithelial cells or by PMNs. Red blood cells, sperm, and bacteria can alsobe seen.
Can A Yeast Infection Turn Into A Urinary Tract Infection If Left Untreated
Good day, Eric Bakker again, naturopath, withanother frequently asked question for Candida Crusher. Can a yeast infection turn into a urinarytract infection if left untreatedé Well, yeast infections can predispose youto many different types of infections. They,turn, are there because of poor or compromisedimmunity and,turn, can further compromise your lowered immunity and predispose you toa UTI or urinary tract infection. Urinary tract infections are common for certaintypes of people. Elderly women, I find, have more, but many women suffer from recurringUTIs as well, particularly younger women who
often have these. UTIS can come about throughincreased sexual activity, but also infrequent emptying or bladder issues. Lowered immunityor compromised immunity is a key reason why people would have a UTI. So inking plentyof water is a clever idea and boosting immunity up. Coming back to that question again, can aUTI be there because of a yeast infectioné It can be because of the predisposing factor,but yeast infections don't generally cause UTIs as such, but they can develop out ofyeast infections. So basically the smart thing to do if youhave got a UTI is to improve your immune health
and your urinary health and I'll be coveringmore detailsfurther FAQs on UTIs to give you some very good ideas on how you can overcomea urinary tract infection. These are things that you can get on top of. So I hope that answers your questionaroundabout way. Thank you.
FTM DOWN THERE HEALTH UTIs YEAST INFECTIONS ECT
*intro music plays* hey there! my name is chase and this is a tutorial for my sex eduion stuff uhhhh. tutorial. series. *whispers* yeahhhhh. before i even start with the TITLE of this tutorial, although you've probably seen it. DISCLAIMER. Trigger warning! Literally. like, DISClAIMER. this tutorial is about the health of an area. that trans men are usually dysphoric about and dont want to talk about, and dont want to look at it and anything like that dont want to use it whereas some people they like it, and doesnt matter
no dysphoria *MMPH noise* but, a lot of people are like do not talk about this. but, today I am going to talk about the health of your and im going to call it, your whoha. its either that or using the well like im not gonn use the word fronthole cuz for me i associate that mostly with sex, and im not gonna use the vword becasue that would w that no. im not doing that cuz no. so. im talking about the health of your whoha and um. having a healthy whoah *adorably awkward laugh* i cant take tis seriously but for real. ummm being like you know whyé you know why im doing thisé
because there's absolutely NO information that i have found with all my research that i have done on UTIs, on yeast infections, and on and i have to use the word right now and im sorry because its part on the word on bacterial vagiosis. vaginosisé i said it that time. just making sure thats how you say it sorry. there theres like basically no information. sure, sure, if you google it you'll get like one or two sources, but um, i thought that i would talk about some things that i have found. now, when trans people trans men specifically, have infections, STIs, anything like that, its very hard for us to look at some of the symptoms because its like what do you look até the men, the women, i dont know. so i made
a tutorials about STIs for FTMs, which i will link. um. right there. kay, just for you, put it right there. we're talking about STIs, gonorrhea and all that stuff. fun. but I made that tutorial to provide information. even though you could google this information, i think its cool to have ita tutorial form so we can like interact together. so, today im going to be talking about three main infections. that effect the whoha that we need to talk about. so im going to start with UTIs, and please remember because theres not real lots of information for trans guys on this, um. that it i do have to look at the symptoms for women
more, but i have searched a lot like, women high testosterone UTI and stuff like that just to see. or like hormonal balance an stuff lik just to see if its anything related to hormones, and to see if we are more susceptible to it. alright so what is a utié so a UTI is a urinary tract infection and its when bacteria um is introduced into the urethra, usually goes all the way up to the bladder and can lead to bladder infections, and if untreated can also lead to kidney infections.
so the most common bacteria that is actually inroduced into the urethra is e coli and its very like the percentage of infections from that is very high and that bacteria usually comes from the bowels i know, all of this is just so like oh great chase, thank you for this information. but you know whaté lets just we need this information im gonna use words if you watched my STI tutorial, oh my god i cant believe i said all