music It's a typical day. A patient has noticedsome itching, or maybe an unpleasant vaginal odor. During her exam, the ian willcheck vaginal pH, examine any discharge that's present, and collect a sample. Then, it'son to the microscope. music This is where you'll gather more specificinformationabout what's causing those vaginal symptoms. We'll show you how to prepare andexamine vaginal wet preps and how to do a whiff test. The results, combined with the patient's vaginal pH test, will aidthe diagnosis.
Under the microscope, you'll be looking for trichomonads, yeast, and the clue cells associated with bacterial vaginosis. We'll show you how to recognize them. music First, the microscope itself: This is a compoundlight microscope. It has several objective lenses on a rotating mount. For our purpose,one of these has to be a 10x low power objective, and one has to be a 40x for greater magnifiion.This flat part, under the objectives, is the stage. Under the stage is the condenser. Belowthat, at the base of the microscope, is the light source. There are two knobs that controlfocus; one for coarse adjustment and one for
fine adjustment. And these are the oculars,or eyepieces. We'll come back to the microscopea minute, but first, let's look at how to prepare wet mount slides. The complete vaginal wet mount involves botha saline prep and a potassium hyoxide, or KOH, prep. When the vaginal sample was collected,the swab was placeda test tube with approximately half a milliliter of saline. So, for the salineprep, you only have to take a op of the suspension and place it on a slide. Add acoverslip, being careful to avoid trapping air bubbles. Your saline slide is ready.Place a second op of the vaginal sample on another slide and add one op of 10 percentKOH. Sniff the preparation immediately, using
your hand to waft any odor toward your nose.This is the whiff test. Note if there's a fishy or amine odor. Then add a coverslip,avoiding air bubbles. Keepmind that you must work quickly to prepare and examine thewet mounts. That's because trichomonads may lose their characteristic motility within15 to 20 minutes. Before we move on now, though, let's lookat the cast of characters you may discover. These are normal squamous epithelial cellsfoundthe vagina. They're large, flat cells with a small nucleus and a large area of cytoplasm.Note that there is some granularitythe cytoplasm.
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes are known asPolys, or PMNs. They may also be called white blood cells, or WBCs. These are small roundcells. Several lobes of the nucleus are visible within the surrounding cell cytoplasm. Findingmany PMNs may indie infection. Trichomonads are pearshaped protozoa whichmove by means of flagella. Trichomonads are similarsize to PMNs and are identifiedby their characteristic jerking movement. The actual flagella may be too thin and toorapidlymoving to be seen. A clue cell is a squamous epithelial cellcoated with enough small bacteria that at least 75 percent of the cell's border is obliterated.It may look as if someone has spread glue
over the cell and pressed itsand. Cluecells are associated with bacterial vaginosis, a conditionwhich the normal microbialflora of the vagina is disrupted. Yeast may be foundtwo forms. Pseudohyphaeare the long, tubular, branching forms. Budding yeast are paired yeast cells that resemblea shoe print. The larger part is the sole and the smaller bud is the heel of the shoe. The saline prep will allow you to see epithelialcells, PMNs, trichomonads, and clue cells. You can also see yeastsaline, but sometimesit's hidden by epithelial cells or by PMNs. Red blood cells, sperm, and bacteria can alsobe seen.
What Are Chilens Yeast Infections
Hi there, Eric Bakker, naturopath, authorof Candida Crusher back to you again with another tutorial. This time I'm going to talk to you about chilen'syeast infections. I'm talking mainly, not so much babies or toddler or infants, I'mtalking about a little bit older. Probably say four or five up to about 1314 years ofage is an age I commonly see with yeast infections. How do you know a child that age has got ayeast infectioné How can you diagnose a yeast infection with a younger personé There are different ways we can do that. Wecan do stool testing. We've got different
tests. You can read about thosemy book,Candida Crusher. But I don't generally have to do that with a child. I can usually seethat by the behavior and by the cravings and the presentations. The signs and symptomswill usually dictate what's going on there. You may find that a bit presumptuous or say,Eric, how can you do thaté You're not medically qualified. You're not diagnosing. How theheck can you say it's a yeast infection based on what you're seeing and treating it. I can tell you now al observation isthe gold standard according to a professor of medicine a few years agoAmerica. Whenyou get quite experiencedthe , you
start realizing that you don't need to haveparalysis from analysis all the time. You don't need to damn well test every singlething that comes through the door. It's expensive and sometimes a test can even be wrong andput you on the wrong track. What won't deceive you is your own eyes and your own experience.And, generally, you'll find that by working on that sixth sense or that hunch that youget and treating and then seeing the al result, you're going to get a lot of positivefeedback or negative feedback. You're going to know if you're on the right track or not. Now you may think that's placebo effect. Idon't really care what you think. All I care
about is the agreement I have with my patient.A patient comes in, pays me a fee, is looking for results, I'm going to try and work togive that patient that result. End off. Let's move on. We've got that out of the way. With the chilen, I tend to look very carefullyat the desire for sugar. Now you may, if you're an older person, know a bit about BenFeingold's work backthe 70s on identifying calories and flavorings with chilen andworking out that certain food colors, some preservatives, created behavioral disturbancesin chilen. This is quite important, groundbreaking, early work by a physician who identified somecore chemicalsfoods that could actually
affect the behavior of a person. Feingoldwent on to do a lot of work, I believe,the prison system. It was quite useful inhelping institutions out on correcting and modifying behavior based on his observationswith food. What alarms me today with young people isthe amazing amount of soda inks and energy inks that young people havetheir diets.Liters and liters of this stuff a week laced with caffeine, laced with Taurine, laced withsugars, laced with all these colors and sodium benzoate and caramel and all this crap inthese inks the kids are inking affecting their mood, their behavior, and their gutfunctions. All these phosphates they're taking
to ruin their stomach and pancreatic function.We're seeing alarming incidents increasepancreatic cancers. We're seeing a big increasein autism. We're seeing a big increasea whole raft of problems. One of the first things I look at is the consumptionof soda inks. It's a key thing. I look at also the consumption of specific foods. Wehad a patient only about four or five days ago now. A lady brought me this boy abouteight years old with major behavioral problems, incredible behavioral problems. I had himin my room here. He was pulling all the books off the shelves. He was banging my guitarand he was grabbing some plants I've got and
Can Chilen Have A Yeast Infection
Hi there, Erik Bakker once again with CandidaCrusher FAQs. Here's FAQ No. 12. This is a frequently asked question I get. This one'sfrom MariaSydney, Australia. I believe my child has a yeast infection.Can chilen have yeast infectionsé Maria, there's no doubt about it. Chilenare susceptible to the same cause and effect of yeast infections that adults are. Manychilen are actually born with a yeast infection because the mother had a vaginal yeast infectionwhen she gave birth to the child. Furthermore, many chilen today are not breast fed forlong enough, I find. And many infants will be placed on cow's milk, formulas, predisposingthem to digestive problems leading to antibiotics,
which again can precipitate a yeast infection. Too many chilenmy take antibiotics.Antibiotics are one of the most important causative factorsdetermining a child'syeast infection. Some chilen I see take 10, 20, 50, even a 100 rounds of antibioticsbefore they're even five years of age; it's unbelievable. Many s still freely prescribeantibiotics. Chilen also love to eat a lot of sweat foods,ice creams and lollies and chocolates and things like that, which will further the yeastinfection. Think about a child with an itchy anus, itchy rectum, you may find this childhas a worm infection. Many chilen with worms
or parasites also have yeast infections. So to answer your question, yes, chilenare certainly prone towards yeast infections and benefit very much so from my Candida Crusherprogram. Thank you.